The Black Sea country’s long-term sovereign bond rating was raised to BBB-, the lowest investment grade and placing it on par with Russia, Brazil and Spain, from BB+, S&P said today in a statement.


Romania has struggled to shed its junk rating over the past 5 1/2 years, embarking on one of the European Union’s toughest austerity programs in 2010 by cutting state wages 25 percent and raising value-added tax by 5 percentage points. The government narrowed the budget gap to an estimated 2.2 percent of gross domestic product this year, from 7.2 percent in 2009.


“The upgrade reflects Romania’s rapid progress in improving its external balances,” S&P said in a statement. “We believe Romania will maintain steady GDP growth, averaging 3 percent over 2014-2017.”


The cost of insuring Romania’s debt against non-payment for five years with credit-default swaps was little changed at 145 basis points yesterday, down from 184 at the start of the year.


Bond markets often disregard rating and outlook changes. France’s 10-year yield, which was 3.08 percent when S&P removed its top rating in January 2012, tumbled to a record 1.66 percent last year.


From the start of this year, Fitch, Moody’s, S&P and DBRS Inc. had to release announcement schedules for ratings decisions under EU rules introduced in the wake of the region’s debt crisis. Assessors will be restricted to three judgments per year on sovereign borrowers that haven’t asked or paid for a grade, and will need to review ratings at least every six months. (source: